CALATHEA FAMILY ASSORTED
Calathea plants are part of the family of plants known as Marantaceae, which is a species of flowering plants from tropical areas such as Africa. They are famous for their wide, green, colorful leaves. These wide leaves make them popular for areas of low light. Calathea have broad leaves to absorb and use as much light as they can get. In nature, they are found in jungles and at the base of trees.
There are a number of species of calathea plants available for indoor use. They include:
- Calathea lancifolia
- Calathea ornata
- Calathea roseopicta
- Calathea rufibarba
- Calathea makoyana
- Calathea orbifolia
Calathea plants are also known by more common names such as cathedral plants, peacock plants, zebra plants, rattlesnake plants and prayer plants.
Calathea plants are popular as indoor plants because they are relatively easy to care for. They can be planted in a variety of planters and locations. This means they can be placed in a variety of locations. Some of the key requirements for most species of Calathea plants include:
- Indirect light – Calathea plants need bright, but not direct, sunlight to grow. This is because they grow on the floor of jungles and forests where they get limited light through the tops of the trees. In fact, direct sunlight will burn the leaves of a Calathea plant and cause it to lose its vibrant colors.
- Limited water – Use distilled water or water that has been purified in some way to water Calathea plants. Calathea like to have moist soil or planting substances, but not soggy. They do not want lots of water, as it can drown them. When you water a Calathea plant, do not water it so much that the plant ends up sitting in standing water.
- Temperature – Calathea plants do not like the cold very much. They are from tropical areas of the world and prefer temperatures between 65-80 degrees. Temperatures above and below that can cause damage to the plant, first evident in the curling of the leaves.
- Humidity – Calathea, again due to where they grow naturally, tend to prefer humid areas. They can absorb moisture through the air via the wide, green, leaves that are common for the plant.
- Fertilizer – Calathea do not need a lot of fertilizing, but they will flower and do well with standard houseplant fertilizer during spring, summer and fall. They especially need fertilization during periods of growth and flowering.
- Pruning – The great news about the Calathea is that it doesn’t need pruning other than the removal of brown or yellow leaves.
How do you grow a Calathea indoors?
Calathea can be a bit temperamental when it comes to care. If there are any problems with Calathea care, they come from over or under-watering and lack of the right temperature or humidity levels.
If you take care to water the right amounts with the right type of water, keep the humidity level and indoor air temperatures just right, you can have beautiful, green plants that will brighten up office and indoor spaces. Lobbies, meeting rooms, and cubicle areas that are high in humidity and have the right temperatures and indirect sunlight are all good places for Calathea. Atriums are excellent locations for Calathea as well.